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MOZART: Salzburg Symphonies


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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 - 1791)



Divertimento in D Major, K. 136


Allegro


Andante


Presto



Divertimento in B Flat Major, K. 137


Andante


Allegro di molto


Allegro assai



Divertimento in F Major, K. 138


Allegro


Andante


Presto



Divertimento in D Major, K. 205


Largo - Allegro


Menuetto


Adagio


Menuetto


Finale: Presto



In 1772 Mozart wasagain at home in Salzburg. His first journeys abroad, at the age of six, hadbrought him great fame as an infant prodigy, and with his sister he hadperformed w hat seemed miracles of technique and musicianship for one so young.

An extended tour took the Mozart family away from Salzburg for three and a halfyears, during which time they attracted the curiosity of audiences in Paris,London, Holland and throughout Germany. Late in 1769 Mozart left Salzburg withhis father for his first visit to Italy and there he enjoyed similar success,now being able to fulfil a commission for an opera, Mitridate, re di Ponto, which was performed in Milan onBoxing Day, 1770. After five months In Salzburg, Mozart returned once again toItaly, where his Serenata, Ascanio in Alba,was to be performed for the wedding of the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand andMaria Beatrice d'Este, a princess of Modena.



Mozart and hisfather returned to Salzburg once more in the middle of December, 1771. Nextyear, before they set out again for Italy, the English musician Dr. Burney wasreporting that Wolfgang Amadeus was one more example of \early fruit being moreextraordinary than excellent". There were others ready to agree that Mozart'searly virtuosity had led to nothing, and in practical terms they may have beenright. In late December the Mozart's patron, the Archbishop of Salzburg, Countvon Schrattenbach, had died, to be succeeded by Count Hieronymus von Colloredo,a zealous but unsympathetic ruler, who was to employ Molart for ten more yearsat his court, until a quarrel led to his dismissal in 1781.



The last decade ofMozart's life was spent in precarious independence in Vienna, with earlysuccess, but no secure position and no adequate patronage. As a boy he had beenfamous. As a young man, however successful he might appear on brief journeysabroad, at home in provincial Salzburg he had felt slighted and undervalued,while the establishment in Vienna seemed to have nothing to offer that might match the ambitions thathe and his father had nurtured.



The three so-calledDivertimenti, K. 136, K. 137 and K. 138, sometimes known with rather moreaccuracy as the Salzburg Symphonies, have about them more of the latter thanthe former. A Divertimento was generally in a series of five movements andthese three-movement works conform to the model of the Italian form ofsymphony. Since they were written in Salzburg early in 1772, they may well havebeen intended to serve a symphonic purpose during the coming journey to Italy,when wind parts could have been added, as required. They precede, in any case,a series of string quartets written in Italy later in the same year, and maythemselves be played as quartets, although once again their three movementssuggest another aim.



The first of theset, in D major, is a model of classical clarity, its first movement, in theusual tripartite sonata form, followed by a moving Andante. The final movementfinds a place for counterpoint in its central development, adding a furtherdimension to music of concertante brilliance.



The second work, K.

137, in B flat major, opens with a gentler movement, in the expected form, andthis is followed by a rapid Allegro di molto and a final Allegro assai ofextreme clarity.



The last of thegroup, K. 138, in F major, with a classical first movement and a C major slowmovement in similar form, closes with a brilliant rondo of transparent texture,an example of a perfection of art in which technical mastery is masked bysimplicity of genius.



The Divertimento inD major, K. 205, is true to its name. It was completed in Salzburg probably inJuly, 1773, before a journey to Vienna, and probably intended as a tribute toMaria Anna Elisabeth von Antretter, wife of the Salzburg Court War Counsellor,for whose son Mozart was to write a celebratory Serenade later in the year,to mark the completion of his university studies.



Scored for twohorns, a single violin line, viola, with bassoon, cello and double bass, theDivertimento opens with a slow introduction, leading to an Allegro that variesbriefly in mood. The first Minuet has a contrasting G major Trio for thestrings alone, and is followed by a slow movement in which the viola is given afairer share of melody than is often the case. The Trio of the second Minuetallows the French horns some initial prominence, and this leads to a finalmovement full of witty allusion and variety well suited to the occasion forwhich it was presumably designed.



Capella Istropolitana


The CapellaIstropolitana was founded in 1983 by members of the Slovak PhilharmonicOrchestra, at first as a chamber orchestra and then as an orchestra largeenough to tackle the standard classical repertoire. Based in Bratislava, itsname drawn from the ancient name still preserved in the Academia Istropolitana,the historic university established in the Slovak and one-time Hungariancapital by Matthias Corvinus, the orchestra works principally in the recordingstudio. Other recordings by the orchestra in the Naxos series include The Bestof Baroque Music, Bach's BrandenburgConcertos and Mozart's Einekleine Nachtmusik.



Richard Edlinger


The Austrianconductor Richard Edlinger was born in Bregenz in 1958 and directed his firstconcert at the age of seventeen. In 1982 he completed his studies in conductingand composition at the Vienna Academy, having by then already acquiredconsiderable professional experience on the podium. He was the youngestfinalist in the 1983 Guido Cantelli Conductors' Competition at La Scala, Milan,and since 1986 he has been Artistic Director of the Capella Istropolitana, anorchestra with which he has undertaken various European tours. Richard Edlingerhas made recent appearances with the Vienna Chamber Orchestra, the ZagrebPhilharmonic, the George Enescu Philharmonic, the orchestra of La Scala, Milan,and the RTSI Orchestra in Lugano. In 1987 he was appointed Music Director ofKamptal Festival in Austria.

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Facts
Item number 8550108
Barcode 4005294501086
Release date 12/01/2000
Category Classical
Label Naxos Classics
Media type CD
Number of units 1
Performers
Composers Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
Conductors Edlinger, Richard
Edlinger, Richard
Orchestras Istropolitana, Capella
Istropolitana, Capella
Producers Appenheimer, Gunter
Appenheimer, Gunter
Disc: 1
Divertimento in D major, K. 205
1 Allegro
2 Andante
3 Presto
4 Andante
5 Allegro di molto
6 Allegro assai
7 Allegro
8 II. Andante
9 Presto
10 Largo - Allegro
11 Manuetto
12 Adagio
13 Manuetto
14 Finale: Presto
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