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Original Recordings 1928-1949

Part Three of our A-to-Z survey of British Dance Bands commences with recordings by two contrasting small groups. Fred Hartley’s Quintet was really more a light music ensemble than a dance band per se, but was enormously popular in the 1930s and its playing of a selection of songs by Jerome Kern (1885-1945) more than justifies its inclusion. Born in Dundee, Fred Hartley (1905-1980) made his first broadcast as a pianist in 1924. In 1931 he formed the quintet which made many broadcasts and recordings and backed many of the stars who recorded on Decca. The leader of the quintet at this time was famous violinist Reginald Leopold (b.1908) and where a reed is heard it was usually the legendary E. O. Pogson (1904-1980). Fred was notorious for being a very stern taskmaster in the studios, but his methods certainly got results as the perfection of ensemble on all of his recordings indicates. During World War II he became head of light music at the BBC and insisted that every person broadcasting in that idiom audition for him, which caused some resentment, especially from those who had been on the air for a large number of years. He emigrated to Australia in the 1950s.

Coincidentally, Arthur Young (1904-1965), who here leads Hatchett’s Swingtette, also departed these shores for the Antipodes in 1950, more precisely to Hobart, Tasmania, where he ran his own bar! Hatchett’s was the London restaurant where the group resided and the inclusion of Stephane Grappelli (1908-1997) underlines their jazz orientation. Young was undoubtedly one of the finest jazz pianists in the country at that time and is also heard here on the Novachord, an electric keyboard then much in vogue. The vocal is by Beryl Davis (b.1923), daughter of Oscar Rabin’s co-leader Harry Davis, who herself emigrated to the USA in 1947 where she enjoyed a no less successful career.

A bandleader who scored a tremendous hit in the USA and the most popular British leader after World War 2 was Ted Heath (1900-1969) who, after decades as a sideman formed his own band in 1945. They are heard here in Tequila, which became a regular feature in the 1950s for Duncan Campbell, though the vocal on this original recording is by drummer Jack Parnell (b.1923), the one original member of the band who remained with it until the final concert given in 2000 to a packed Royal Festival Hall, a measure of the loyalty that the Heath band inspired. During his years as a sideman, which included lengthy stints with Ambrose, Sydney Lipton and Geraldo, Ted Heath played in many session bands including those made under various names for the Vocalion Company by pianist Harry Bidgood (1897-1957) who here offers us a very popular number from 1932, Balloons. Working for Vocalion’s rival Edison Bell was Harry Hudson (1898-1969) whose records were released under more than twenty pseudonyms, albeit here he is credited as direc-tor and vocalist under his own name. In later years Hudson became well known as the pianist in Wilfred Pickles’ radio show Have a Go.

A session band of a rather different kind was that organised for Decca by Patrick Cairns (aka Spike) Hughes (1908-1987). The son of the Irish folk-song collector and arranger and music critic Herbert Hughes, Spike studied composition and orchestration in Vienna (1923-24). He originally played ’cello, teaching himself to play bass in the late 1920s when he fell under the spell of Duke Ellington. The Ellington influence can be heard in many of Hughes’ arrangements which are still rated amongst the most advanced by British bands of the period. Hughes employed only the finest players: on Limehouse Blues we hear such luminaries as trumpeters Jimmy Macaffer (b.1913), Chick Smith (1909-1983) and Leslie Thompson (1901-1987), trombonist brother of Jimmy, Don Macaffer (1911-1979), saxophonists Harry Hayes (1909-2002), Dave Shand (1909-1983) and Buddy Featherstonhaugh (1909-1976) and pianist Billy Mason (1897-1960) — a virtual Who’s Who of early 1930s British jazz. After working with all of the top British musicians of the day, in 1933 Hughes emigrated to the USA where he made a further series of recordings with top musicians before giving up the band business altogether after discovering he could go no higher in the profession.

During the late 1920s Hughes had worked briefly with the doyen of popular British bandleaders of the time- Jack Hylton (1892-1965). Born in Great Lever, near Bolton, Hylton had begun singing in his father’s pub The Round Croft at the age of seven billed as ‘The Singing Mill Boy’. He got his first professional engagement in 1905 with a pierrot troupe at Rhyl and in 1913 moved to London, playing piano and organ in a cinema at Stoke Newington. Following army service during World War I Hylton formed a double-act with Tommy Handley in a concert party for a season at Bangor before returning to London, where he joined the Queen’s Hall Roof Orchestra, of which he was soon appointed leader. He first appeared on stage with his own band in 1924 and was so successful that in March 1925 Sir Oswald Stoll booked him for the Alhambra, where they were retained for a record thirty-eight weeks. From that moment Jack Hylton never looked back and, until 1939 the Hylton Orchestra remained the premier European showband, undertaking sixteen European tours between 1927 and 1938.

Recorded in Berlin, Song Of The Dawn features, as does the final Hylton track, an excellent vocal by Pat O’Malley (1904-1985), who went with Hylton to the USA in 1935 and stayed on to become a successful actor in Hollywood, while in between these two numbers comes the medley Ellingtonia, a reminder that it was Hylton who first brought Duke and his orchestra to this country, in 1933. It has been said that when members of the Ellington band heard this record, they recognised each other’s playing, but not their own! The influence of the Hylton band cannot be overstated. In 1929 alone it gave 700 performances, travelled 63,000 miles and along the way notched up sales of 3,180,000 records — a staggering figure for those days. In 1940, following the call-up of so many of his person-nel, Hylton disbanded rather than lower his standards. He turned his sights towards another career and became as successful an impresario as he had been bandleader (among other notable entrepreneurial feats was his saving the London Philharmonic Orchestra after it was shamefully abandoned by Sir Thomas Beecham).

Hylton’s wife Ennis Parkes (née Florence Parkington, 1894-1957) was a talented singer, dancer and pianist prior to leading a band from 1933 to 1937. She made a series of recordings for Crown, a nine-inch record that sold for 6d (21/2p) at Woolworths. These were of a high-quality, as was Mrs. Jack Hylton’s band, benefiting especially from orchestrations by Jack’s principal arranger, Billy Ternent (1899-1977). The vocalist on My Sweetest Dream is Jimmy Miller (1914-2001), later better known as leader of the Squadronnaires.

Another sometime Hylton associate who became one of the most popular bandleaders of the 1930s was the brilliant jazz trumpeter Jack Jackson (1907-1978). The son of a brass-band conductor Jack played cornet at the age of eight and later studied with John Solomon at the Royal Academy of Music, with violin as his second instrument. Having worked with Hylton from 1927 to 1929 he grew tired of touring, however, and eventually joined Jack Payne. He stayed with Payne, a strict disciplinarian, for two years but walked out after a row in 1933 and formed his own band which opened at the Dorchester Hotel in August of that year.

At the Dorchester he proved an immediate and a lasting hit and his warm, likeable pe
Disc: 1
Farewell Blues
1 Dancin' Time - D'You Love Me? - Why Do I Love You?
2 Bluebirds In The Moonlight
3 Balloons
4 Tequila
5 Heaven For Two
6 Limehouse Blues
7 Song Of The Dawn
8 Intro - Black And Tan Fantasy - It Don't Mean A Th
9 Footloose And Fancy Free
10 My Sweetest Dream
11 Tico, Tico
12 Japanese Sandman
13 Two Cigarettes In The Dark
14 Some Other Time
15 Trouble In Paradise
16 The First Time I Saw You
17 Ida
18 It was A Lover And His Lass
19 Love Was A Song
20 Farewell Blues
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