TELEMANN: Viola Concerto / Recorder Suite in A minor / Tafelmusik (Alexander Jablokov/ Anna Hoelblingova/ Bedrich Tylsar/ Capella Istropolitana/ Gunter Appenheimer/ Jiri Stivin/ Ladislav Kyselak/ Quido Holbling/ Richard Edlinger/ Zdenek Tylsar) (Naxos: 8.
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Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767)
Concerto in G major for viola and strings
Suite in A minor for recorder and strings
Concerto in F major for three violins(from Musique de table)
Concerto for two horns and strings (fromMusique de table)
Georg Philipp Telemann was among the mostdistinguished composers of his time, a rival to his friend Johann SebastianBach in reputation, and the certain preference of the Leipzig authorities forthe position of Kantor at the school of St, Thomas, where Bach was eventuallyappointed in 1723. Telemann had, in 1721, taken the position of Kantor of theJohanneum in Hamburg, with musical responsibility for the five principalchurches of the city. His negotiations with Leipzig a year later proved themeans to secure better conditions in Hamburg, where he remained until his deathin 1767. He was succeeded by his godson, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, son ofJohann Sebastian.
Born in Magdeburg in 1781, Telemannbelonged to a family that had long been connected with the Lutheran Church. Hisfather was a clergyman and his mother the daughter of a clergyman, and hiselder brother also took orders, a path that he too might have followed, had itnot been for his exceptional musical ability. As a child he showed someprecocity, but it was while he was a student at Leipzig University, which heentered in 1701, that a career in music became inevitable. He founded theuniversity collegium musicum that Bach was later to direct and in 1703 becamemusical director of the Leipzig Opera. At the same time he involvedfellow-students in a great deal of public performance, to the annoyance of theThomaskantor, Bach's immediate predecessor Kuhnau, who saw his prerogative nowinfringed.
After Leipzig Telemann went on to becomeKapellmeister to the Count of Promnitz, a nobleman with a taste for Frenchmusic, and in 1708 moved to Eisenach, following this with a position asdirector of music to the city of Frankfurt am Main in 1712. There were otheroffers of employment elsewhere, but it was to Hamburg that he finally moved in1721, to remain there for the rest of his life.
As a composer Telemann was prolific,providing an enormous body of work, both sacred and secular. This included 1043church cantatas and settings of the Passion for each year that he was inHamburg, 46 in all. In Leipzig he had written operas, and he continued toinvolve himself in public performances in Hamburg, arousing some oppositionfrom the city council, his employers. Once he had strengthened his position hetook additional responsibility as musical director of the Hamburg opera, whilehe was active in publishing and selling much of the music that he wrote.
The G major Viola Concerto is agood example of the attractions of Telemann's style as a composer, its fourshort movements suggesting the beginnings of the style galant that was toprevail over the contrapuntal complexities of the late Baroque. The Concertofor three violins and the Concerto for two horns form part of the Musiquede table, published in Hamburg in 1733, while the A minor Recorder Suite
is an equally fluent example of the refreshing lightness of touch that Telemannbrought to the music of the period, a reflection, often enough, of his widereducational background and cultural interests more typical among musicians of alater age.
The Capella Istropolitana was founded in1983 by members of the Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, at first as a chamberorchestra and then as an orchestra large enough to tackle the standardclassical repertoire. Based in Bratislava, its name drawn from the ancient namestill preserved in the Academia Istropolitana, the historic universityestablished in the Slovak and one-time Hungarian capital by Matthias Corvinus,the orchestra works principally in the recording studio. Recordings by theorchestra on the Naxos label include The Best of Baroque Music, Bach'sBrandenburg Concertos, fifteen each of Mozart's and Haydn's symphonies as wellas works by Handel, Vivaldi and Telemann.
The soloists in this recording, JiřiStivin, Ladislav Kyselak, Anna Hoelblingova, Quido Hoelbling, AlexanderJablokov , Zdeněk & Bedřich Tyslar are members of the CapellaIstropolitana.
The Austrian conductor Richard Edlingerwas born in Bregenz in 1958 and directed his first concert at the age ofseventeen. In 1982 he completed his studies in conducting and composition atthe Vienna Academy, having by then already acquired considerable professionalexperience on the podium. He was the youngest finalist in the 1983 GuidoCantelli Conductors' Competition at La Scala, Milan, and since 1986 he has beenArtistic Director of the Capella Istropolitana, an orchestra with which he hasundertaken various European tours. Richard Edlinger has made recent appearanceswith the Vienna Chamber Orchestra, the Zagreb Philharmonic, the George EnescuPhilharmonic, the orchestra of La Scala, Milan, and the RTSI Orchestra inLugano. In 1987 he was appointed Music Director of the Kamptal Festival inAustria.