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KROMMER: Partitas for Wind Ensemble Opp. 57, 71 and 78 (Budapest Wind Ensemble/ Ibolya Toth/ Kalman Berkes) (Naxos: 8.553498)



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FranzVinzenz Krommer (1759 -1831)



 



PartitasFor Wind Ensemble



(Harmoniemusik)



 



Partita in F Major, Op. 57



(fortwo oboes, two clarinets, two horns, two bassoons & double bassoon)



Partitain B Flat Major, Op. 78



(fortwo oboes, two clarinets, two horns, two bassoons & double bassoon)



Partitain E Flat Major, Op. 71



(fortwo oboes, two clarinets, two horns, two bassoons & double bassoon)



FromSix Marches, Op. 31



(for two oboes, two clarinets, two horns, twobassoons, double bassoon & trumpet)



 



Franz Vinzenz Krommer,otherwise, by birth, Frantisek Vincenc Kramcif, was born in Kamenice in 1759,the son of an inn-keeper and later mayor of the town. His uncle, Anton MatthiasKrommer was a musician and worked from 1766 until his death in 1804 as teacherand choirmaster at Turan, where he instructed, among others, his own tenchildren and taught his nephew violin and organ, leaving hirn to acquire on hisown a knowledge of theory. In 1785 Franz Krommer went to Vienna, finding employmentfrom there in the musical establishment of the Count of Styrum in Sirnonturnya(Sirnonthurn) as a violinist, becoming, two years later, Kapellmeister. Late in1790 he was appointed master of choristers at Pecs Cathedral (F??nfkirchen).

From 1793 he served as a Kapellmeister to a certain Count Karolyi and from somepoint as Kapellmeister to Prince Anton Grassalkovich de Gyarak, until thelatter's death in 1795. From then onwards, returning to Vienna, he found increasedfavour among patrons, becoming Kapellmeister in about 1798 to Count IgnazFuchs. His application in 1806 to join the Vienna Hofkapelle as a violinist wasrejected but in 1810 he was appointed Music Director of the Ballet at the CourtTheatre. In June 1815 he was appointed Kammert??rh??ter to the Emperor,accompanying the Emperor Pranz Ion visits to Paris and to Padua and other cities of Northern Italy. Three years later hefollowed Kozeluch as Imperial Chamber Kapellmeister and Court Composer, holdingthis position until his death in 1831.



 



Franz Krommer was a prolificand highly respected composer, with a significant, popular and substantialaddition to the string quartet repertoire. His concertos include a number ofworks for his own instrument, the violin, and, now of greater interest, forwind instruments. These last include two concertos for two clarinets, as well asconcertos for groups of wind instruments. There is a quantity of other chambermusic, including 26 string quintets and other quintets that feature a windinstrument with a string quartet.



 



Harmonie-Musik, musicfor wind ensemble, held an important position in the eighteenth century,serving particularly as Tafelmusik (Table Music) to accompany dinner. Bythe end of the century the most frequently found ensemble consisted of eightparts, pairs of oboes, clarinets, French horns and bassoons, with an additional16 foot part for double bassoon or double bass to add depth. This number ofplayers became current in Vienna from 1782, with the encouragement of the Emperor Joseph II,who from 1787 employed two clarinettists, the Stadler brothers, in the CourtOrchestra. It was for one of these groups in Vienna that Krommer w rote his thirteen Harmonien.

While Krommer's music for wind ensemble is original, it was also commonpractice for wind-bands to play their own transcriptions of popular operas, andMozart himself had transcribed the music of his first successful opera inVienna in 1782, Die Entf??hrung aus dem Serail (The Abduction from theSeraglio), while incorporating table-music of this kind in his Don Giovanni fiveyears later. The fashion gradually waned in the altered circumstances of theearly nineteenth century.



 



The three examples of Harmoniemusikincluded in the present recording were probably written in Vienna immediately before Krommer'sappointment as Ballett-KapeIlmeister to the Court Theatre. They are incharacteristic classical style, the musical language of Haydn and Mozart, eachin four movements that follow customary forms of chamber music rather thanmulti-movement compositions common in divertimenti or in operatictranscriptions. Bach starts with an Allegro, followed by a Minuet, aslow or relatively slow movement and a more rapid final movement. They areclearly intended for players of some accomplishment and show both elegance andwit in their instrumental writing, not least in the finale of Opus 71, with itssoulful introduction and final hunt, aptly introduced by the horn, immediatelyfollowed by the rest of the ensemble.



 



Krommer's Six Marches,in which a solo trumpet also takes part, are undated, but may belong to hisperiod in the service of Count Ignaz Fuchs. These are crafted with the expectedskin and serve their purpose admirably.?á





Facts
Item number 8553498
Barcode 730099449823
Release date 01/01/2000
Category Chamber | Classical Music
Label Naxos Classics | Naxos Records
Media type CD
Number of units 1
Performers
Composers Franz Krommer
Conductors Kalman Berkes
Orchestras Budapest Wind Ensemble
Producers Ibolya Toth
Disc: 1
Partita, F major, Op. 57
1 Allegro vivace
2 Minuetto: Presto
3 Adagio - Andante cantibile
4 Alla polacca
Partita, B flat major, Op. 78
5 Allegro moderato
6 Minuetto: Moderato
7 Adagio
8 Presto
Partita, E flat major, Op. 71
9 Allegro moderato
10 Minuetto: Allegretto
11 Andante - Allegretto
12 Adagio - La Chasse
Three Marches (from 'Six Marches')
13 March No. 3
14 March No. 4
15 March No. 5
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